ѱȭѱ1ѱ2ѱ3ѱ412
ۼ âȣ
ۼ 2003-11-23 () 23:03
ȭ
ȸ: 7194      
[] ñ (μ)
ñ

μ

2.

' ݻ μ ü Ǵ Ѵ.' (ܱ 1. 1910 8 22 ).

ƽþ ٸ ѹ ռ , ڪ ޾Ƶ Ϻ , ġ Ϻ ѱ ѹݵ Խݤ ġϴ´ Ǿ.

оߵ ܰ ƴϾ, Ŀ ݻ ー Ͽ Ϻ dz Ǿ.

Ϻ Ĺ Ǿ Ϻε鿡 ̲ ô õ

(1910) Խݤ Ǹ 1925 Ѣ
Խݤ ء 2߹ 1940 Ѣ, ׸
1945 8.15 ִ.

ѵû ϰ Ѣ Ѣ б , ̰ǹ ѱ ٴ࿪翡 ǹ̰ ũ ̴. ѱ Ĺ Ϻε ׵ ִ ׻, ͯ, ǹ .

׷ ѵθ ๰ Ǹ پ, ½ þ,  ̴. ׸ ߱ 2 ߹ ѹݵ ü  Ǿ ôʹ ٸ Ÿ 1940 б Ͽ.

ô κ Ϻε鿡 ̷, ߱ʹ ౳ ѱ డ鵵 ϰ ȴ. ׸, Ǻ ӵǾ , Խ Ե鿡 ̼ǰ ϳ ־.

2-1 Ѣ 1910 - 1925

2-1-1 Խݤ μݻ

ϱ з Ź ޾Ƶ غ Ǿ ¿ Ϻ Ĺ ѱ ѵΰ ϰ Ǿ. оߵ ܴ ƴϾ Ϻ ޾Ƶ鿩 ִ Խݤ ѱ Ͽ. ѵ μӰ߿ Ͽ μ ݻ ͪ Τ, ݻ μ Τ, Գ Τ Τ, Τ ־.

ѵ ͵ Ϻε ̾. Ư μ ƴ ѱ ڵ Ǿ ʾұ ̾.

ѱ ġϱ ѵδ û縦, ѱε鿡Դ ̻̰ Ը ū ԰Ͽ Ǽν ڷν Ϸ Ͽ. Ϻε Ͽ ׻, ǰ κ ̾. ̷ Ǽ Ӱ ѵδ 1910 9 30 Խݤֵ 373ܸ ߷Ͽ ѵγ äϿ.

ֵ ä 7, 90 Ͽ. ׵ ڴ Խݤ ݻ ͪ Τ, ڴ Үݻ ۰ Τ ᶿ ϰ Ǿ.

1910 9 Խݤ ݻ ͪ Τ Ǽμ, 1912 1920 Խίۮ Τ Ҽ ٲ, Խݤ ݻ ͪΤ( Խݤͪ ) 踦 ϸ鼭 Ͽ.

1921 1923 ݻ Τ Ǿ, 1924 1929 Ү Τ Ǿ. ⼭ [Τ] [Τ] Ϳ ָ ʿ䰡 ִ. ̰ ô밡 ѵθ Ͽ Ը û Ǽ Ͽ ̾Ƿ, Ī []̶ ұ Ϳ []̶ ٲٰ .

ѹݵ, Խݤ ֵߴ ûǹ ä , 1930 1945 μ Ǿ Խίۮ ͪΤ ϰ Ǿ.

1910, Խݤ ͪ Τ ÿ ί 1, 2, 9, 35 ־. 2 ̿ ݿηο(߲) Ͽ ν()̾. Ư ̴̿ ν 1929 20Ⱓ Խݤ Ͽ. Ͽٴ 밨ν Ͽ Źΰҿ ȰϿ. չ Ŀ Խݤ Τ ѵû Ǽ ϴٰ ѵû ϰ Ϻ ư. ( )ŵ̾.

, Խݤ Ĺ ġ ȿ ϱ Ͽ ⱸȮ븦 밨νô ϰ ִ û ſ ٷ տ ο ѵ û Ǹ ȹϿ 1916 غϿ. ѵ û Ǽ簡 ѵ 1924 12 ᶸ ġϿ ڸ ҽ״. ⿡ ٹ ī ġ(ݣ˪ ; 1919-1927ٹ, 1911 ), 빫 ( ; 1895 , ؽ Խݤ Ǹ ) ־. Խݤ Ŀ ⸦ óϰ 1929 3 30 üǾ.

ܿ ѵ μӱ ö üű Ǵ μ ġǾ ־. ö Τ Τ öü Ͽ. üű Τ Τ üŰü Ͽ. ̵ , Ϻ ίٿ ڵ ǰ ־.

ѵΰ Ǽü Ǿ ǹ߿ ǥ .


ȣ (1913.4-1914.9 )

չ öǼ ϼ ѹݵ ֿ ϰ Ǿ 湮ϴ ö̿밴 Ͽ. ߿ ܱ ڵ þ Ǿ ȣ ʿϰ Ǿ.

ѵö ѵ û 迡 ϰ ִ డ Կ (George de Lalande) 踦 ǷϿ. Կ 19035 Ϻ ϸ(޳) డ í (Richard Seel) 繫ǿ Ͽ, ҿ  Ʈ ƿ, Ư (German Sezession) Ͽ ̾.

ȣ ̰ ܺ 1 Ʒ κа ȭ ϰ ġױ⸦ Ͽ. (1967 ö)


<1-1-29> ȣ / /1913-14 /渲


(1913.10-1915.9 )

£ ġ 1900̾. 2 ұԸ ü̾. 1910뿡  , ñԸ Ŀ 19159 ο ü . ü ׻󽺽 ܰ ǹ κ (߾Ա ġ, ִ ) ϰ ִ. â 23, 1,320 ǹ 3̾.

<1-1-30> /1913-15 /渲

Խݤڪν ( Ү ڪν, 1915.9 )

1915911 1030 ѵδ 溹ÿ Խݤ 5Ҵ ϴ ( ) ִ. ȸ Ͽ 溹ó ıϰ ʣڪ .

ѵιڹ , ̼ǰø ĺ ϳ. δ , ܺ Ÿ ߶ ó ̰ Ͽ. ߾Ӻο ڸƮ 鸦 ױ ִ. 尡 Ŀ ѵδ ٸ ǹ öϿ, ǹ ѵιڹ ϱ ġŰ Ͽ. 1915 12 ڹ ٽ Ǿ.

<1-1-31> Խݤڪν / /1915.9./ 溹 μӰڹ

( , 1922.6-1925.9 284ȣ)

ѱ ö簡 δ μ(1905 ϡ ) δ Ǽ(1906 ϡ ) ϰ , λ ֿ ڪ ǼǾ ϰ ־.

£ ǹ 츦 ϰ ִٰ, ǹ 19259̴. ѵö ְϿ ߽(û) Ͽ. öũƮ̸ ܺ Ÿ, ȭ, Ͽ. öƮ ̿Ͽ, Ǻ õƮ Ǿ ִ. ǹ ߾Ӻο ƾ ġǾ ְ, ܰ ü ׻ ϰ ִ.

<1-1-32> /1922-25 / ↑ 284ȣ

Խݤ ( ءڪν 1916.6.- 1926.10.)

, ѵδ 밨û縦 ѵûμ Ͽ. ô û縦 ϰ ־µ Ѧϰ޿ û簡 ־ ϴٴ ο û ȹϿ. 1912, 溹ó , ÿ Ϻ Ȱϰ ִ డ Կ 踦 ǷϿ.

1914⿡ ⺻谡 ϼǾµ 8 װ 䲿ϸ ڱ ϰ Ǿ, ؽԽݤ ͪ ִ 빫 () ð Ǿ. ׸ Źΰҽô Է Ȱϰ ִ Ͽ ν() ܰ迡 ʱܰ Ͽ.

ѵû ġ ô ̾ ٷ տ ִ ڦ 17, ڦ 46 Ÿ, ѵû簡 Ǿ. ǹ  ڸ ڦ ̶ , 鰡 ־ ֹȴ. ̷ ıϰ ѵû縦 Ǽϴ Ϳ Ͽ Ϻ ̼ ߳ ׿(׳), డ () ϱ⵵ Ͽ.

׸ 簡 1925⿡ 溹 ȭ û ︮ ʴ´ٴ Ω ȴ. (ȭ Ѣ : 19257 - 1926 9)

10Ⱓ ϼ û, 4 ǹ, öũƮ̴. [] ǹ ܺο ϴ Կ ϰ ִ ܺ ȭ ٿ. ߾Ӻο ÷ ִ ׻̴.

<1-1-33> Խݤ / /1916-26 / ߾ӹڹ

2-1-2 ࿡ ͧ

Ϻ Ĺ Ǿ ѱ ѵλ ƴ϶ ΰ Ϻε ڷ Ȱϰ ־. ׵ ðȸ翡 ٹϴ ̵ κ̾µ ǥ 캸, ̲ ˵(),  (),  () ־.

̲ ˵δ 1896⿡ Ͽ ԰ Ǿ 븸 1915 ݻ ٹϿ. ƴ Ȯ , ٣ݭ׾ , ڿ Ŀ £ ͪԽᶸ Ͽ, 1930 1934 ѵ ̾ ´.

 ̴ 1905⿡ ϰ, ŷ 繫() ԻϿ ͪ(չ ε) ð Ǿ. ݻμ 1908 ѱ Ǿ. ״ ͱ ƴϰ, £ ᶸ Ͽ ǹ Ͽ. ׿Դ ƮƷ 緯(Anton Fehler) ־ ׻, , Ʈ ƿ پ ǰ ־.  ̴ 1922⿡ Ϻ .

 Ǵ 1909 1914 ߧ Τ ٹϿ. [] ء ￴ Ⱓ ȸ ´ ι̾.

ΰ Ϻ ๰ ؼ 캸 .

( , 1919.-1912.1. 280ȣ)

1909 10 ѱ âǾ, 1905 ѱ ߾ӱݰ繫 þƿ 繫 μϿ, չĿ ĪϿ. ʫΡ(Ρ ) 1ȸ̸, ġ Ϻ Ȱ ռ ϰ ִ .ŷ() ǹ Ͽ. ̰, ܺ ȭ ٵ ̰ Ʋ ö, ööũƮ Ǿ ִ. δ ν ׻󽺾̴.

<1-1-34> / /1912 / 280ȣ

( ν, 1912.ϰ, 257)

2, ġ ׻ ǹ ʫ ѻ̾ ϰ Ǹ ̴.

¿ ĺ Ʒ ٷ Ǿ ְ, ΰ ġ շ ִ. 2 ߾Ӻο ̿. װ ߾Ӻο ͽĭ. 1 ִ. ߾ տ ܿ Ż Ͽ. , ¿ ĺ κ Ƶ Ǿ ְ, Ǿ ִ. ð Ϻο Ͽ, κе Ϻ ̶ .

<1-1-35> / /1912 / 257ȣ

Գ (1918.-1921. 2, ȭ 36ȣ)

Գ ǹ ü ⵶ ȸ翡 ϰ, 鿡 ž ݻ ġϰ , ¿ ܺ ǥϰ ִ.  迡 ǹ ü ̸ κ ȭ ġ Ͽ.

<1-1-36> Գ / /1918-21 /ȭ

2-1-3 ϱ ̼ͧ (Ѣ)

1885濡 Ѱ 1880 1890뿡 縦 , Ȯ 츦 ʷ Ǿ. б 1916⿡, ҳ 1916⿡, ݻ Ȧ 1923⿡ ǸǾ.

<1-1-37> / /1916 /

ǹ 2 3 ǹν, Ϻ뿡 б ַ ʹ Ǵ ̴. , 1915⿡ кη б 1917⿡ 㰡 鿡 ͸ 1918⿡ 2 ν(6.25 ) .

ؿ ( Ȧ) Ͽ 1920 9 ذϿ, Ͽ (1922.5-1923.3), а(Appenzeller Hall 1921.4-1922.3) а(Unerwood Hall 1922.1 -1925.6) ķ۽ ߾. ü ѱ ־ ķ۽δ ̶ ̴. 1897 Ǵ( ڦ) , Ʊ 츦 ־.

<1-1-38>

3(Ϻ ) ǹν ݻ 츦 Ʃ ġ(tudor arch)Ϣ ܼȭ Ÿ ̴.

α 갣 ٽ̸, δ ȭ ϰ ִ. ̷ Ը Բ ǹ Ժ ģа ִ°̴. ǹ · ִ. ƿ Ǵ б 4ǹν, 4κ ع ƽ(attic) ϰ â ä Ư ̾.

̱ ȸ ȸ ̺ L. ź (David L.Soltan) Ͽ, 絵 ߱ ٷ Ͽٰ Ѵ.

ȸ ȸ൵ ̶ ȿ ū ǹ̰ ִ ǹ . 1890 ڿ(C.G.Corfe) ۵ ȸ õ ȸ ġϰ, £ () ͸ ȸ ġϰ Ŀ ƿ ġϿ.

ðȹ Ͽ Ȯ ο Ϳ ȹϿ, డ 踦 ǷϿ 1922⿡ Ͽ, 1926 5 2Ͽ Ͽ. ̷ Ͽ Zȸ(ȭ 35ȣ) ߽ɺο Ƹٿ ǹ ϳ µ ׼ڴ ոȸ (S. Dixson)̸ Խ ûడ ũ.

츮 󿡼 幮 θ׽ũ ϰ ȹȿ Ϻθ ϼ Ǿ.

<1-1-39> /1926 /湮ȭ

2-2 Ѣ 1926-1940

ѵθ û ַ ϰǴ ʱ⿡ , 1925 ȭϱ ߴ.

װ Ϻ ں ׵ ͣ׵ ոٴ Ŀ ȭ ̾. ׷ٰ ϴ ƴϾ. ʫ ڸν(1937, ͪ), (1937, ), ׻ Ƽ (1935) ־ ̴.

<1-1-40> ʫ ڸν / /1937

<1-1-41> / /1935 /

̱ ó 1929 ذ Ѩ̴. ڴϽ α ޵, ΦԤ ִ.

ñ(1930) 겿(߲)( ͣ) ִ. (1926-28), (1926, ) ļ Ż ִ.

̿ ̾ 30 ٴ Ÿ Ǿ. ֵ ġ()(1934, ), ̳(߲)(1933), ƻ()(1935, ), ݤν(1935, ), ()(1939, ̵) ִ.

<1-1-42> ݤν / /1935 / ȸ

<1-1-43> ƻ() / /1935Ҵ /

<1-1-44> ()ȭ / /1937/ ̵

1930 ࿡ ( ҳ) 찡 ִ. 3ǹ ε Ǿִ.

<1-1-45> /

Ѣ 鼭 Ϻ Ǵ ׵ ټ ־. ؼ ü ÷ Ͱ ̾.

μ 25Ҵҷڸν(1937Ҵ, ڪν) غ(1938Ҵ, ) ִ. ͪ ߳ ī() ǰ̾µ ѽ  Ѩ ȴ. ۿ Ը ū ̾µ ٴ 鿡 ѱ û͸ س ο Ͽ ǥϰ ִ.

<1-1-46> 25ֳ ҷڸν / /1937 / μӹڹ

<1-1-47> غ / /1938 /渲

̷ ϳ ǰ Խν ִ. Ҽ ˩ ǰ̸ 㿡 ѱ ͸ . ǹ 뿡 Ǿ.

2-2-1

1925 ѹݵ ϱ ո ࿡ Ͽ [ت] ȭ Ǹ ǹ ߽ мϿ ִ.

[ت] 簡 ó Ǹ 1925 1̾. ࿡ , ȣ ϸ <ǥ1-1-1> .

Ұ ø () ۵Ǿ. ø δ [Ʈ] ø 4ȸ ϰ ͸ Ұϰ ִ.

() (1926.2.-5.), ø ı ̽(1927.2.-1928.8.) ´ ǹ Բ ȭ Ǿ Ȳ ְ ִ.

<ǥ1-1-1> .ȣ
------------------------------------------------------------------
ȣ
------------------------------------------------------------------
ٴ Ʈ

ͱ׳() 1925. 1.
.׷ǿ콺 1925. 2.
ѽ.° 1925. 3.
©θũ 忡 Ͽ 1925. 4.
漺û 1926.10.
࿡ ־ 1926. 2.
ϱڸ () 1926. 2.-5.
() 1927. 2.-1928. 8.
ݰ Ʈ Ү 1928. 6.-9.
´ȸ[ Ű....] 1928. 3.
䫿 Ͽ 1928. 3.
Դͪ 1929. 4.
ũ () 1929. 5.
ٰ () 1929. 6.
÷ Ү() 1929. 8.
ν 1929.11.
̰ 1931. 2.
------------------------------------------------------------------

̿ͳ (), The Architectural Record 縦 Ͽ ο ũ ҰϿ. (1927. 2)

̶ 븮Ÿ(Ү) [ݰ Ʈ ] ǿ ԰ؼ ο ũ ׵ ǰ ؼǾ ִ. ״ ܸ Ը ð ϱ ׵ ϰ ִ. (1928.6-9)

[ Ű... ...] ., ̶ ޿, ø ı, ߸ Ͽ ´Ѱ̴. ⿡ ׵ ǹ ǹ Ǽǰ ִ°Ϳ Ͽ ǰ , п ̸ Ͽ. ׷ ε ְ ִ.(1928. 7)

Ͻ ٶ [ ࿡ Ͽ] ༳ 5Ģ Ұϰ ִ.(1929.3)

[ũ ] 빫.ڸ D. ƶġ ̴. ⿡ ״ ũٿ ִ ΰ డü , Osau Asunowa ؼ ϰ, ̷̶ üȭ Ǿ ϴٰ ڸƮ ϰ ִ.(1929.5) ״ [ٰ ]̶ Ƶ (Adolf Bemne) [Der Modern Zweckbau] ϰ, ǿ Ͽ ϰ ִ. (1929. 6.)

ô뿡, ѹݵ ǥ ๰ ߷ <ǥ1-1-2> .

1926 10 ذ 漺û, ñ⿡ ѵοʹ ٸ ܰ ϰ ִ.

<1-1-48> ݤ /1926 / û

3(1929. 11) 빮 ߻ ǹ µ ѵ ȸ ѵ ٷ װ̴. ǹ ܺ ڴϸ 빮 ϰ ־ ̷ ־.

ؽ ݧ򢿡 ު Ը ̷ ƿ â ĵƿ ڴ, ܰ ȰѸ ϰ ϴ ٴ ̾.

<1-1-49> ν / /1929 /渲

1931 12 () ϼǾ, 󳲵ȸ ȸǽ 1932 7 ֿ . 󳲵 ȸ 迡 ǹ ߾Ⱥ ܽ ܺ óϿ õ ܰ ϰ ִ.

1933 9 ϰ Ϻ ο 1934 11 ϰ 漺Ϻ⵶ûȸ ѵΰ ٹϴ ǰ̴. ǰ ź ܺ ⺻Ͽ ǹ ̷ ִ Ž ̷ Ư¡̴. Ư 鿡 ġ Ʒ â ְ ִ.

<1-1-50> ݻ / /1933 / ڻ

<ǥ1-1-2> ǥ ๰

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ǹ ġ ذ ð Ը
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1926.1
ݤ 1926.10 ߲ R.C 4
1928.11 R.C 3
Խݤν ڦ 1929.10 ԽݤͪΤ R.C 4
٥΢ 1930.9 ߵߣ R.C 3
1931.12 R.C 4
Գ 1932.7 R.C 3
ݤ 1933.6 R.C 2
ݻ 1933.9 R.C 4
ڦݾܻ ̫ 1933.9 Խݤ R.C 3
٥ 1933.12 R.C 3
ԽҴν 1934.11 R.C 5
ӥ 1934.12 R.C 2
1935.6 Խݤ R.C 4
1935.6 R.C 4
1935.7 R.C 4
1935.9 R.C 3
ݤݤν 1935.12 R.C 3
ݼߣݤ ݼߣ 1935.11 R.C 3
۷򼭺񽺽̼ 1935.11 R.C 3
ߧ 1937.3 R.C
1937.12 R.C 6
ν 1937.8 ߲ R.C 4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ѵȸ 谡 Ͽ 1933 9 ذ 漺 б μӺ źϰ Ը â ֺ Ͽ ؿ ־ ִ.

1935 6 ѵüű 迡 漺߾ȭ ǹ Ǹ ǥ ϰ ִ.

<1-1-51> /1935 /渲

ѱ డ Ϻ ǽ μ Բ ִ ǹμ ټ ִ ܰ ϰ ִ. ִ ֻ â ġ ġǾ ִ ǹ 1935 6 ذ Ǿ. 1935 9 Ӵ 繫Ƿ ƻ() ǥܰ迡 ְ ִ.

ī׺(۷)漺񽺽̼ 䲿() Ϻ 濡 ī׺漺񽺽̼ ǹ 1935 11 ǹν Ļ ٴ̴.

ѱν Ȱ Ȱ Ͽ ף ȭŹȭ 1937 12 ϰǾ. ǹ κ ȿ ƴ, μ ü ⸦ ϰ ִ.

<1-1-52> / /1935 /渲

<1-1-53> ȭ / /1937 /渲

̻󿡼 ٿ [ت] 1925 35̿ ߵǾ ڵ Ϻ ̾. ׷ ⿡ ָ Ѱ 纸 ๰ ٴ ̴. ̴ 迡 Ǵ [ت] ̿ܿ κ [], [ͣ], [] ϱڸ[Architectural Record], [American Architect], [Wasmuth Monats Hefte fur Baukunst], [Art et Decoration] ؼ ־ 탖 .

2-2-2 Ѣ ͣ

ü ٣ݭ׾ ٰŷ ô뿡 ȰϿ б ⵵ ٹ  Ͽ Ͽ Ҵ.

б ⵵

<ǥ1-1-3> °Ͱ 漺б 106 ̾. Ϻ ౳ ް Ϻ 41 Ͽ , , ͼٴ, 浵 а ٣ͯ, , , , ޴, Դ, ȵ б ̾. ̵ б Ϻ а ϰ ִ κ б̾.

<ǥ1-1-3> б ⵵ м

Ѱ : 222 / 29 (251) * Ϻ/ѱ, ׿ܴ Ϻ
----------+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+--

|-19| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
Ҵ | 18| 19| 20| 21| 22| 23| 24| 25| 26| 27| 28| 29| 30| 31| 32| 33| 34| 35| 36| 37| 38| ͪ
----------+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+--
() | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | /2|1/1|3/ | |2/2|1/1| 3|4/4| /1| 5/| 8/|8/1|4/2|7/ |8/ |7/1|6/1|6/3|7/1|3/3| 83/23
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
() | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| 3| | 1| 1| | | 1| 1| | 2| | 1| 2| 1| 1| 2| 1| 1| 2| 2| 1| 23
| | | | | | | 1| | | | 2| 1| | | 3| 12| 3| 4|5/1| 5|3/1| 39 /2
| 1| | | | 1| | 1| | | | /1| 1| | |1/1| | | | | | | 5 /2
ԫ | | | | | | | 1| | | 1| /1| | | | /1| 2| | | | 1| 4| 9 /2
Դ | | | | | | 1| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1
٣ͯ | 2| | 1| | 1| | | 2| | 2| | | 1| 2| 1| 1| | 1| 1| 1| 1| 18
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1| 5| 3| 9
| | | | | | | | | | 1| 1| 1| | | 2| 2| 1| 2| | 1| | 11
| | | | | | | | | | | | 1| 1| | | | | | 2| 2| 2| 8
޳ | | | | | | | | | | | 2| | 2| | | 1| | 1| 2| | | 7
Դ | 1| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 3| | 1| 5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1| 1| 2
ػ| | | | | | | | 1| | | 1| | | | | | | | | | | 2
----------+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+--

<ǥ1-1-4> ߿ ٹ

* Ϻ/ѱ,
---------------------------------------------
ԽݤԳ 34/2 (ͪ36)
---------------------------------------------
ί Խݤ ͪΤ 19/6 (ͪ25)
ݤ 9/2 (ͪ11)
ѲԳ 5/
ѲԳ ͪΤ 3/
---------------------------------------------
Խݤ 9/
---------------------------------------------
μѦμ ݻ 10/
ӥ ݻ 8/
ݻ 2/
׿ μ 2/
---------------------------------------------
11/
9/
3/
1/
4/
Գ 3/
---------------------------------------------
μ 3/1
1/
1/1
Ѳ 2/
1/
ڦ 1/
Ρ 2/
---------------------------------------------

ٹ

ڰ 帹 ٹϿ ѵö(36)̾, δ ѵ ȸ(25) ̾. ׸, 渮θ Ͽ 25 ڰ ٹϰ ־. , ڵ ΰ Ǽȸ翡 31 Ȱϰ ־. 1-2 簡 ־. ٹ мϿ <ǥ1-1-4> ̴.



򢿡 , ѱ 29 ʰ Ϻ Գ Ϻ ڰ ѹݵ dzʿ 踦 ϰ ־ ִ. Ư 16 ̴ ڸ񽸦 Ͽ ƽþ ̹ ߴ å 谡 Ǿ .

ǵ ֵ ѱ 1ҿ ʾҴ. 1 ѱ ڵ 1945 Ϻ Ϻε ö ̶ 迡 ð ð ޿ ȵǾ. ѹα ź Բ ٴ ڽ â۾ Ͽ.

Ǽ ǵ

⿡ Ǽ  ̾° ڷḦ Ͽ ˾ƺ ʿ䰡 ְڴ. ᶿ [](1939Ҵ , 1941Ҵ ) , ǥ<1-1-5> Ÿ ٿ 300 Ѵ ü ־.

ÿ Ǽ̶ ٴ, ݶ̶ Ҹ, ͵ ־, ׳ ѱ 濵ϴ 10% ġ ִ. Ϻ 縦 ΰ ѱ ġߴ ȸ ù(), () Ͽ 20 ϰ ִ.

<ǥ1-1-5> 1939⵵ Ǽ ü Ȳ

--------------------------------------------------------
ܬ ٣ ͪ
--------------------------------------------------------
1939 18 235 19 272
1941 53 231 24 308
1939 5 16 11 32
1941 12 11 9 32
--------------------------------------------------------
1939 ͪ 23 251 30 304
1941 ͪ 65 242 33 340
--------------------------------------------------------

2-2-3 ʫ

ѵδ 1911 8 ϰ, 1914⿡ ڦЮ Ͽ. 1916 4 [Խݤίءڦ] Ͽ. 3 б Ρ, Ρ, Ρ, Ρ, Ρ ġǾ 1916 л Ρ 7, Ρ 9, Ρ 12, Ρ 8, Ρ 18 ϰ ־.

б 1922 [] Īϰ ȴ. б ޾Ҵ л ǰ Ϻ ڳ࿴ ѱ ؼҼ Ұߴ. ̷ 29Ⱓ б 400 ѱ 59 ʴ´. ӱ 7 ߿ г ѻ ѱ ̾. Ρ .

<ǥ1-1-6>

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

б(⵵) ӱⰣ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Գ (1907) 1920-1945 , ,

ö,

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ߣ Դ(1912) 1921-1945 ȹ ѵ߾ӽ



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1923) 1923-1929 ѵα



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1929) 1929-1945 ȹ



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

г (1925) 1929-1945 , ع



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1927) 1930-1945 ౸



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


̷ Ȳ Ʒ ó б ѱ 1919 2ȸ ̰ ̾.

1943 ۰Ҷ Ȱϰ Ź ̴. 1919 1945 ع ڦ 迡 ѱ 60̸, װ Ϻ п ڵ ʰ ־. ׷ ¹ 1930 Ŀ ȸ Ͽ ü 迡 ղ ۿ ʴ´.

1922 4 ִ μ(, , Դ, ͪڦ, ) ü []° ἺǾ. , ܼ, ٣ ߴ ü âȸ 122 ѱ ̶ ̰ ־ ̰ ΰ Ϻ̾. ü ڵ ü Ȳ ̷ ߿ ࿡ ȸ Ͽٰ Ƶ ũ Ʋ ̴.

â ȸ ѱ Լ 캸 .

1923

(Խݤ ),

(ڱ),

(Խݤ ݻ Τ, 1932 ),

( ),

( ),

(Խݤ ݻ Τ),

(Խݤ ݻ Τ),

˩ (Խݤ ݻ Τ),

( 19ӥΤ),

1924

(ԽݤݻΤ),

ڡ (),

(ԳΤ, 34 Խݤ, 43 ӥ),

1925

г (Խݤ Үݻ Τ, غ ),

( )

1929 ȸ

ϴ (Խݤ Գ Τ ),

(Խݤ ίۮͪΤ , ,

( ٣, Խݤ),

(Խݤ, ),

(Գ Τ),

ˣ (Խݤ),

ˣ (Խݤ),

(Խݤ),

( Τ),

( Τ),

1930

ױ (ݻ );

1935 ȸ

ΰ ( ),

(Խݤ),

(Խݤ, 1943 ),

(Խݤ),

( ܻ ),

( ),

(Գ ͪΤ ),

(Գ ͪΤ )

ִ.


ʷε λ 1935 ѱ (踦 Ͽ)μ ġ ־ٰ ص ƴϴ. ׵ Ҽ 80% ̰ 20% Ǽ Ͽ ִ.

׸ ӿ ʾ Ϻ ִ б θ ϸ 迡 ־ ִ.

, ˩, , , , , , , , , ױ, Ф, , ϴ, , , , ˩٥ϴ, , , ڣ, , , ִ.

߿ 迡 ϰ (1899-1943) ̴. ԽݤίۮͪΤ .

13Ⱓ ѵ ٹ 1932 [] Ͽ Ĺ Ͽ 踦 Ͽ, 繫 ѱ 繫ҷμ ѱ డ 缺 Ұ Ǿ. װ ѵο  ѵû 簡 â ̶ ó ū Ը ǹ Ͽ װ Ǿ.

ǥ Ȱ .




Ҷ ( /1929)

٤ ( 60 / /60Ҵۿ / 1930)

ݻ (, /1930 -1931 /3 )

[] ( /1931 /ν , 4)

ڦ ( /1931 / ڦ )

ΰ ٥ ( /1931 /80, 2)

( 2ʶ / /1934-35 /4)

( / ӽ, ϰ /1935-37 /6, 2034)

Ρ ( ̱ 30 /ܹ ӽ/ 1936)

ҳ ( /1937 /2)

˻ (1937)

( /1970Ҵ /ܹ ӽ Ҵڱ)

ʩ ( / ӽ /1939 /98)

ڦν( /1934)


<1-1-54> ⪾ / /ף /1929


<1-1-55> / /ף /1931 / ȭ


(1899-1980)

1926⿡ 踦 Ͽ 1938 ԽݤΤ ٹϿ, 1938 ʹ 並 濵Ͽ. ǰ߿ б Ҵ. ع ǥ ǰ .

ڦν ( / ν /1933-34)

( / ڸƳ ȣ ڸ /1934-35 /)

( /1934Ҵ /)

ڦν ( /1935-37)

ߣν ( /1935)

ߣ˻ (1936)

ߣΡν (1936)

ν ( /1936)

˻ ( /1937)

٥ν (ָ /1937)

٥˻ (1938)

٥ (1939)

۰ (1939)

ν (1940)

ܬν ( /1940)

˻ (1941)

۷ ( /1942)

Ρ ( /1942)


<1-1-56> ڦ / / /1934


<1-1-57> ڦ / / /1937 /


(1892-1974)

ô뿡 Ȱϴ ѱ డ κ 漺б ̾ ñ⿡ ϰ ̱ ġ ͱ μ ַ úκп ǰ .

̳׼Ÿ ָ ϰ ̱ ǹ ϴٰ ͱѰ 1933, [] 9 繫Ҹ б Ⱝϱ⵵ Ͽ. ׷ ״ Ϻ Ͽ 뵵 й Ͽ ū Ʈ ȸ Ѵ.

⵶ Ǵ õ ߿ ϵ ͵ , ó ǹ . ʱ δ ʩ Ф ־, ǥ  .

ϰҮ

( ʩ1-6, , ƶ ڸ /2)

( ʩ1-13 /)

( ʩ1-10 /)

ڦܻ ׶󺸽 ( / )


˩

1923 μ踦 ˩ డ Ϻ Ȱϰ ִ [ ޷ (Willam Merrell Vories)繫]  ǹ ׾Ҵ. [ 繫] ѱ þ鼭 繫Ҹ ϰ Ǿ.

״ 繫ҿ ϸ鼭 ȭ 迡 Ͽ. ȸ ƽþƳװ ڸ ־ 걳ȸ ùǰ ⵶ ַ ٷ. ǥ Խν( λ絿 194)̴. ̰ . ߷ִ ǹμ 1938⿡ Ͽ 1939⿡ ذǾ.


عɶ 鼭 о߿ ⷮ Ÿ ִ.


(1897-1975 /1920 )

. ѵ þ ϴٽϿ ѱν ڿ. 漺뺻 굵 Ͽ [] κ ϴٽ Ͽٰ Ѵ. 1943 繫 ΰ޾ 濵Ͽ. ð о ʾҴ ǰ ִ° ִµ Ϻο ǰ δ ( ܻν) ִ.


(1901-1976 /1924 ),

1924 踦 ѵο  عɶ ־µ ׶ ߿ Ϸδ ݻ( Ǵ) 谡 ְ ⸦ Ͽ. ع, ѹó (Ŀ ) åڷν ίͣ Ʋ ̴.


(1901-1966 /1925 ),

1925 Գ ⢷μ ù Ͽ 1933⿡ ѵη ű Ⱓ ǰ ־. װ Գ (1932 )̴. ѵο 1942 ־ عĿ ӥ Τ ϰ Ǽ ϸ鼭 ȸâ ũ ⿩Ͽ.


ױ (1907-1950 /1930 )

ױ 1930 ϰ ݤ 鼭 б ַ ٷ̴.


(1909-1931 /1931 )

1931 ̳(߲)ȸ縦 1933 ѵο 鼭 ûû 迡 ⷮ .


(190 -1991 /1932 )

踦 1932 ٷ ᶿ ٰ 1933⿡ ū ͸ ã ػԳ Ű. ػ ü "ػ" þ ϿǷ ״ ðȹ ü ־. ع ǰ߿ ߿ δ ͵ ִ.

躴 ( /1935)

ۡ (ػ /1938)

֧ (Ү /1938)

(1938)

߸ȣ (1939)

Գ

Դͪ

ĺ( 2ʶ 82-2 /1937 / /5)

( /1943)

ʩ ( /1943)


̵ ڸ մ δ 踦 1936 ɰ ؿ ִ. ̵ ϰ װ Ȱ 1940 Ǽ Ȱġ . ׷ ߿ Խݤ ٹϸ鼭 ݻ 1,2ν Ͽ, ڪ信 ϸ鼭 ί(1941Ҵ) ڪν(ڦ ׷ȣڸ ־. 1941Ҵ) 踦 Ͽ.

ѱε ǰ ϴ 1930濡, ѱ Ǿ , ٴ Ϻ Ͽ ־. ñ⿡ Ȱ ѱ డ ǰ , , ˩͵ Ϻ ǰ ϰ, ǰ Ͽ, ߰ ̸ ٴ, Ư ǰ࿡ ޾ ִ.


2-2-4 ϱ̼ͧ (Ѣ)

ǰ Ѣ Ѣ ̼ǰ ๰ ̶ ϳ ٴ հ ־.

̼ǰ๰ ǥ ι ޷ (William Merrel Voris : 1880-1965)̴. ״ ̱ ̾µ ݷζ󵵴 (1904)ϰ 1905 Ϻ ַ ⵶ ǹ ϸ ȰϿ. ѱ 1914 踦 Ͽ 160쿡 ϴ ǹ Ͽ.

װ͵ ٸ б 54, ȸ 33, YMCA 13, 9, 56̾µ, 11 ̾. 繫ҿ ˩, ѱ ־.


7ȸ ѱ ٳబ.(1908,1916, 1919, 1920, 1927, 1933, 1935) ѱ ִ ֿǰ ̱ ַ ̷ ִµ ǥ ȭ볻 ִ. ܿ Ȱ Ͽ ѱ Դٰ ȸ ü, ȸü ܱε ־.

ܿ Ƴ׽ 𸮽(Joannes Morris : ̱, ޸ȸ ź, ν), θ̾ 콺(Lohmeier Eusebius : , ߣϡ Ȱ), ǿ ߷(Pierre Chizallet : ź, ͪ) ε ̼ǰ Ͽ δ.


2-2-5 ϱ

Ǿ, ̴ ̶ ๰ Ǵµ Ŀٶ ġ Ǿ. ̴ ǹ ۰Ұ ̿ ȭ, 꿡 ̸ ȭ Ͽ.

, Ϻ , , öũƮ ׸ ö Ұ Ӷ ִ. ̰͵ ü 캸 .

(1) ϰ: ð ġ̳ Ÿ 츮 緡 ٴ ª Ͽ. ϴ 쵵 , Ḧ ų ﰢ Ѵ. ϴ 쿡 ﰢ ̿Ͽ Ͼ ʵ ϰ ִ. ġ Ǵ μ 巯 ʰ ϰ, ο ɸ Ѵ. ׸ 緡 ʹ ޸ ĥ ִ Ʈ ־ θ Ǿ.

չ Ŀ Ϻε ޾Ƶ鿩 Ϻȭ Ų ׵ ߽ Ұ Ǿ. հ ̿ ܺ ǥ鿡 ̴볪 Ǵ ȸ ĥϴ , ұԸ бǹ Ͽ. ׷ ̰ Ϻο ַ Ǿ, ̶ Ѹ Ͽ.

(2)

: ʱ⺮ 22.7cm(7.5ġ) x 10.9cm (2ġ) ۵Ǿµ, 1940뿡 ͼ 21cm x 10cm x 6cm ۾. 亯 β ⺻(1Bβ) ϰ, 1.5Bβ, 2.0Bβ Ͽ. 츮 ǹ ּ 1.0Bβ ̻ Ͽ, ֻ β 1.0B ϰ Ʒ 鼭 0.5Bβ ٿ. 츮 κ 2-3 ǹ . Ư ̿ Ϳ ߾ Ͽ Ǿ.

״ ҽױ(English Bond) ַ Ͽ, յױ(Dutch Bond) Ǿ. ׸ ҽױ Ҹ ġױ ٴ ƱڱϿ Ƹ ״ Ǿ. Flemish Bond(Flemish : ⿡ , ״ ε ؿ ־ ߼ Flanders ) Ҹ ̴. ع Ϻε ҽױ Ҹ ع Ŀ ״ ϰ ִ ̴.

: 츮 緡 ǹ 縦 Ͽ ǹ ǹ ٰ ִ. ๰ ߿ , ֱ ϳ, ǹ ̶ ִ. , ü ƿ ״ ⵵ ϰŴϿ Ⱓ ɸǷ 츮󿡼 밳 ܺθ ϰ δ Ǵ ũƮ 찡 Ҵ. ǹ 2-3 , ؿ Ʋ Ǿ.

(3) ũƮϰ ϰ

öũƮ 20 ص ƴ ŭ ݼ⿡ ͼ ̴. 1900 ʿ ǹ ٴ̳ öũƮ Ͽ ũƮ ִ ȭ ߰ ֿϿ, ü öũƮ Ͽ 4-6 ȭ Ҽ ־, ǹ, ǹ κ öũƮ Ǿ.

ö ̳ Ʋ Ʈ ϰ ๰ κ Ǿ.

(4) ȭ

ϰ ο Ǿ. ǥ ͵  ˼, , , , øƮ, , , , ִ. ̵ 緡 İ ޸ ȭ Ծ Ю̫, ߧ ϰ Ǿ ӵ ޵Ǿ. κ Ϻǰ Ͽ, ׹ ܱǰ ణ Ǿ.

鿡 ˼ ַ Ϻǰ Ͽ, 2 ǰ ϴ ؿ ӹ. λ ⽾ ︲ äϿ ¸ зϰ, θ ݵǾ Юټ ޿ Ǿ. 㳪, , ҳ, Ǿ, 1940뿡 , ̳ ̸ Ͽ.

ô 캸, 鼭 ̷. źε Ͽ ߱ Ǿ ߣ ־ Ȱ ϰ, 纸ȣ Źΰҿ Ұ 鼭 ΰ ۰ Ϻ տ Ѿ Ǿ.

׹ۿ ῡ ū ȭ øƮε, ̰ ũƮ 鼭 øƮ ʼ ̾. Ϻ ()øƮ ֽȸ, ƻ()øƮ ֽȸ , ̰ Ϻε վƱͿ ־.

׹ۿ , , ̵ ο Ұǰ , κ Ϻ Ͽ, 縦 ̿ 2 ־ ̾. ׸Ͽ ѱ Ϻ ǰ Ǽ Һ ǾȰ, ⿡ ͼ ұԸ øƮ ü ̾Ƿ, ¿ ع ° Ǿ.


2-2-6

ȸȭ Բ Ϲݰ ־ ǰ ޾, ܴ ð Ϻε鿡 뷮 ׵ կء ұϰ ׿ δ.

1900뿡 Ÿ ʫ, Ѣ ä뵵 Ϻο 񵿾 ׵ ġ ΦԤѢ ̾.

1920뿡 Ȱ Բ DZ , 1930 ϱ ѱ డ , 緡 Ե , డ Ϲݹΰ , Դٰ ѱε ̺  Ͽ ְ ũ ȭŰ Ͽ.

ݸ, 1920 Ĺݺ Ÿ þڵ鿡 ѽ ߧ ȭ ݽ ѱ ȭ ״.

ÿ ö , ɷ ִ ͭ信 Ͽ ־, Դ, ߧ, Ѣ ӭ ȸ Կ , 꿡 ڵ鿡 緡 ߧ, ϰ , ο Ͼ. ׷ ̷ ȭ 뷮꿡 ϰ ȮǾ , ְ ٲپ ߴ. , ȭ ̾.

̷ ô ࿡ ־ ٸ Ϲݰ ٸ , ְŰุ ̾ ִ. Ư ݽߴ ħ ū ȭ ʰ ӵǾ ѱ 츮 Ȱİ dz  Ⱓ ϸ ȭǾ Ȯ ִ.



, 80Ҵ , 1966.
ͺ ٷ , ϼ, , 1987.
, ' ٥' [] 1987.5-1988.6, .
, 鿡 ־ 칿 ¿ μ ϼ, , 1990.
Խݤ, Խݤ ί 1910, 1926-1940, .
, ʫ٣ݭ, 1939.
, [ت] 1922-1945.
, ٣ݭ, 1986.
Ρӥ֤, Ρ100Ҵϼ - , Ρӥ, 1990.
, , 1939, 1941.
, Ѣ ܨÿ μ ϼ, , 1982.



: ѱడȸ Ȩ-ѱ -ô
   
[ż] 0300.
Ʒ [ż] 0220. ϻ絿 ż
 
    N     з        ۾ ۼ ȸ
1222 ȭ [̼] ұ̼ (긮) âȣ 2005-01-16 7469
1221 ȭ [ż] 0290. âȣ 2001-06-02 7451
1220 ȭ [ﱹ] Ŷ̼ (Ѹ) âȣ 2002-03-21 7335
1219 ȭ [ż] 0250. ż ô  âȣ 2001-06-02 7300
1218 ȭ [] ȭ (Ѹ) âȣ 2002-03-28 7262
1217 ȭ [û] 0410. ϶ âȣ 2001-06-02 7259
1216 ȭ [ż] 0300. âȣ 2001-06-02 7199
1215 ȭ [] ñ (μ) âȣ 2003-11-23 7194
1214 ȭ [ż] 0220. ϻ絿 ż âȣ 2001-06-02 7177
1213 ȭ [ﱹ] ȭ () âȣ 2002-04-01 7104
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